Some people get colon cancer because of prior family history but in most cases the actual cause of the disease is not known. As the actual cause of colon cancer is not known, preventing it becomes tricky.
How can colon cancer be prevented?
Eating a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables plays a very important role. Fruits and vegetables are filled with natural minerals and vitamins that add to the nutrients that are absorbed by the body. A low-fat high-fibre diet is often recommended. The main sources of fat come from eggs, dairy, meat and different oils that are used for cooking. The only way to follow a diet that is high in fiber is to include a good amount of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and cereals. Reducing the intake of red meat is vital as many studies have linked red meat to an increased risk of colon cancer.
Physical activity is important as it lowers the risk of developing polyps. Moderate activity is known to lower the risk but a vigorous activity might have a greater benefit. Increasing the level of physical activity is important as it may lower the risk of developing colon cancer.
Studies show that obesity has been linked to an increased risk of developing colon cancer. Having belly fat or more weight on the midsection can increase the risk. For this reason staying at a healthy weight and avoiding gaining weight at the mid section is important.
Studies show that smoking has been the main cause of several cancers which include colon cancer. Smoking has also been linked to several other diseases like heart disease, stroke and lung problems. Not smoking is the best thing to do and if you do smoke consider quitting as its beneficial to health and will lower the risk of developing colon cancer.
Limit alcohol consumption
Drinking excessively can put people at a higher risk of developing colon cancer and it is ideal for heavy drinkers to cut down on drinking or quit altogether to lower their risk. However, drinking in limit can be the next best option.
Getting a regular screen done for colon cancer can be the best way to prevent it. As in the process of screening doctors can identify polyps and remove them before they become cancerous and if the doctors identify colon cancer at its earliest stage, it can be treated easily. People who have a family history of colon cancer should get screened regularly and people who do not have a prior history of colon cancer should get screened regularly after the age of 45.
Take a multivitamin
Consider taking a multivitamin as it can help reduce the risk of developing colon cancer. Studies have shown that multivitamins contain folate in them which have been linked to lowering the risk of colon cancer.