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What is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the thyroid gland, which is located in the front of the neck, just below the larynx (voice box). The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism, heart rate, and body temperature. Thyroid cancer occurs when cells in the thyroid gland grow and divide uncontrollably, forming a tumour. There are several types of thyroid cancer, but the most common types are papillary thyroid cancer and follicular thyroid cancer. Treatment for thyroid cancer usually involves surgery to remove the thyroid gland, followed by radioactive iodine therapy to destroy any remaining cancer cells. In some cases, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may also be used. The prognosis for thyroid cancer is generally good, with a high survival rate, especially when detected early and treated promptly.

Our Team of Top Thyroid Cancer Specialists In Hyderabad

Dr. Amit Jotwani

CoFounder,CMO,Chief Oncologist

 MD (Radiotherapy), FHPRT, SBRT(Netherlands), AMPH

Dr. Shikhar Kumar

MD, DNB,DM – Medical oncology, ECMO

MD (Radiotherapy), FHPRT, SBRT(Netherlands), AMPH

Dr. Rakesh Shankar Goud

MBBS, DNB-Radiation Oncology

MD (Radiotherapy), FHPRT, SBRT(Netherlands), AMPH

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Know About Thyroid Cancer -Treatment and Procedures

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

Fitness Tips For Breast Cancer Survivors

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Diagnostic Tests for Thyroid Cancer in Hyderabad

Ultrasound: This is often the first test performed to evaluate a thyroid nodule or lump. Ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the thyroid gland, and can help determine the size and characteristics of a nodule.

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: This test involves using a thin needle to collect cells from the thyroid nodule for examination under a microscope. It can help determine if the nodule is cancerous or benign.

Thyroid function tests: Blood tests can help determine if the thyroid gland is producing too much or too little thyroid hormone. Abnormal thyroid function can be a sign of thyroid cancer.

Radioactive iodine scan: This test uses a small amount of radioactive iodine to create images of the thyroid gland. The radioactive iodine is absorbed by the thyroid cells, allowing doctors to see if any cells are overactive or abnormal.

CT scan or MRI: These imaging tests can provide more detailed images of the thyroid gland and surrounding tissues, and can help determine if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

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Advanced Procedures for Thyroid Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad

There are several advanced procedures available for the treatment of thyroid cancer, depending on the stage and extent of the cancer. The most common treatment is thyroidectomy, which involves the surgical removal of the thyroid gland. Radioactive iodine therapy is also used, which involves taking a dose of radioactive iodine to destroy cancer cells. External beam radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are other treatment options available for thyroid cancer. However, the choice of treatment will depend on factors such as the type and stage of the cancer, and the overall health of the patient.

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Cost of Thyroid Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad

This cost of thyroid cancer treatment may vary depending on hospital facilities, medical expertise, pre-treatment costs (consultations, blood tests, and scans), type and duration of treatment you are receiving, and post-treatment costs (follow-up consultation for periodic checks including tests, scans, rehabilitation, and medications).

On average, the cost of thyroid cancer treatment in Hyderabad ranges between INR 95,000 to INR 3,40,000.

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Clinical Experience & Patient Stories

We are always pleased to hear positive feedback about Onco Cancer Centres. Here are some of the testimonials we’ve received from our Patients

Based on 97 reviews
Rhuthvik Rhuthvik
Rhuthvik Rhuthvik
A massive place to fight with cancer Dr.Amith sir and Dr.Shikhar sir are the god gifts to the patients who suffering from cancer. The nature in the clinic was so pleasent we don't feel that we are in hospital any time in the day 24/7 doctors available in phone calls.And people in the clinic are so friendly please do visit this clinic you will save your valuable money and time and better option to fight with cancer.Don't rome here and there for cancer treatment
zeeshan ali
zeeshan ali
The best cancer clinic in hyderabad. Dr. Amit and Dr. Shikhar are one of the most experienced oncos available. My father has esopheagul cancer. They gave a tremendous treatment regimen. Very sympathetic and highly transparent in their approach and absolutely non commercial. Their new infrastructure idea of giving chemo therapy with an ambience of recliners, open view and foot massages is really great. You dont feel like you are in a hospital at all, that really helps the patients psych. The really awesome thing about this centre is the senior doctors are available on call any time of the day. And when I say anytime. Really anytime of the day. I would definitely recommend this to every one looking for a cancer treatment, especially for people who are soectical of the big hospital infra and where patients are just numbers with no personal touch involved.
bunt y
bunt y
That a a great consulting Dr. Suneel koushik. He has explained everything in a clear manner and the follow up done by Praveen was great. Narsing Rao this man has taken care everything and give the best service from stepping inside the hospital till we mobe out. Thank you everyone and thank you ONCO Omini kothapet.
Rap0lu Narsingrao
Rap0lu Narsingrao
We came here for the surgery and surgery was do Dr.suneel sir t was successfully done very happy before surgery what ever we heard regarding quality and caring by the onco cancer center it was prooved we have seen here at omni kothapet thanks to onco cancer team we comple satisfied
mohammed waliuddin
mohammed waliuddin
Good patient care and hospitality, doctor consult was good.
Sundeep Kailwoo
Sundeep Kailwoo
Dr. Shikhar Kumar was patient and detailed in his diagnosis and recommending the next course of actions . really appreciate the services provided by Onco cancer care gachobowli
sai kumar
sai kumar
We are very satisfied with the service....we have done 1st cycle of chemo treatment at Omni hospital by Dr suboore by the onco cancer centre it was really very nice and we are happy to take treatment under such care...we are heard by the person Also from onco cancer centre people are getting Quality and caring and there could be a teamwork by onco Cancer center...So finally we are very satisfied from my end will refer to other persons to onco cancer centre at Omni hospitals kothapet...Thank you
Bhaskar. T
Bhaskar. T
I'm suffering from stage 4 castration resistant Prostate carcinoma. Dr. Shikar Kumar sir explained us very well about the treatment plan and options. The main appreciable thing is the time taken by him to explain everything and answer the doubts patiently with empathetic approach. He and the staff would also call through phone to remind about the additional care that has to be taken at home and inquire about any side effects. Though this condition is incurable, effort for progression-free survival along with the quality of life is more important and Dr. Shikar sir has been very helpful in this along with palliative care. Thank you very much sir. And the chemotherapy cycles were given in such a delightful environment, with convertible sofa chair and large window view from 5th floor, that it feels more like home than hospital.
Shankar Reddy
Shankar Reddy
Dear Shikar sir, I would like to appreciate your efforts and uncompromised professionalism when my family needed the most. You are truly a gentleman and sophisticated doctor with a sensitive human touch. Thanks for looking after us. Your team is expectional .

Frequently Asked Questions on Thyroid Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad

Thyroid cancer in its early stages may not show any noticeable symptoms, but there are some early warning signs to watch out for. The most common sign is a lump or swelling in the neck, which may be painless or tender. Pain in the front of the neck or throat, hoarseness or voice changes, and difficulty swallowing or breathing can also be signs of thyroid cancer. However, these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it is essential to seek medical attention if any of these signs are experienced. Diagnostic tests like an ultrasound or fine-needle aspiration biopsy may be ordered by a doctor to confirm or rule out the diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

Most types of thyroid cancer can be effectively treated, and the outlook for patients with thyroid cancer is generally good, especially if the cancer is detected early. The type of thyroid cancer and its stage are important factors in determining the prognosis and the appropriate treatment options. The most common types of thyroid cancer include papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Among these types, papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are the most common, and they are also the most curable.

The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not fully understood, but several risk factors have been identified that may increase a person’s chances of developing this type of cancer. The main cause of thyroid cancer is changes in the DNA of thyroid cells, which can cause the cells to grow and multiply uncontrollably, leading to the formation of a tumour.

Some groups of people are more likely to develop thyroid cancer than others. Individuals with a family history of thyroid cancer or other thyroid diseases are at higher risk of developing it. Exposure to high levels of radiation, particularly during childhood, is also a known risk factor. Women are two to three times more likely than men to develop thyroid cancer, and the risk increases as people age, particularly over the age of 60. Certain benign thyroid conditions such as goitre or thyroid nodules, and a history of head and neck radiation are also associated with an increased risk of developing thyroid cancer. However, it’s important to note that having these risk factors doesn’t necessarily mean a person will develop thyroid cancer and many people with thyroid cancer have no known risk factors.

Thyroid cancer is typically removed through surgery, which involves removing part or all of the thyroid gland. The type of surgery performed depends on the size and location of the cancer and whether it has spread to nearby lymph nodes. The most common surgical procedure for thyroid cancer is a total thyroidectomy, which involves the removal of the entire thyroid gland. In some cases, a partial thyroidectomy may be performed if the cancer is confined to one lobe of the thyroid gland. During surgery, the surgeon may also remove nearby lymph nodes to check for the spread of cancer cells. In some cases, the surgeon may use a nerve monitor to help protect the vocal cords and nearby nerves during the procedure. Following surgery, patients may need to take hormone replacement therapy for the rest of their lives to replace the thyroid hormone that is no longer produced by the gland.

There are four main types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic. Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type and typically grows slowly. Follicular thyroid cancer is less common and tends to grow more quickly than papillary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer arises from the C cells in the thyroid gland and can be hereditary. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is rare and grows quickly, making it the most aggressive type. In addition to these four types, there are also some rare subtypes of thyroid cancer, such as Hurthle cell carcinoma and thyroid lymphoma. The type of thyroid cancer a patient has can impact treatment options and overall prognosis.

Regularly checking your neck is a simple way to self-assess for thyroid cancer. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and is located in the centre of your neck, just above the collarbone and resting on the windpipe. By feeling the area for any abnormalities or changes, you may be able to detect any unusual lumps or growths that could be a sign of thyroid cancer. However, it is important to note that a medical evaluation and diagnostic testing are necessary for a definitive diagnosis. If you notice any concerning symptoms or changes in your neck, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional.

The rate at which thyroid cancer spreads can vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Generally, thyroid cancer tends to grow slowly, and most cases are localised to the thyroid gland at the time of diagnosis. Papillary thyroid cancer, the most common type of thyroid cancer, tends to grow slowly and can take several years to spread to nearby lymph nodes. Follicular thyroid cancer may also spread to nearby lymph nodes, but at a slower rate than papillary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer can spread to lymph nodes and distant organs, such as the liver or lungs, at a faster rate than papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the most aggressive type of thyroid cancer and can spread quickly to nearby organs and tissues.

Thyroid cancer treatment typically involves surgical removal of the thyroid gland. This procedure may involve removing only a portion of the gland or the entire gland, depending on the size and location of the tumour. Following surgery, radioactive iodine therapy may be used to destroy any remaining cancer cells. This treatment involves taking a dose of radioactive iodine, which is absorbed by any remaining thyroid tissue and destroys the cancerous cells. Hormone therapy may also be prescribed to replace the thyroid hormones that the body needs, as the removal of the thyroid gland may cause an imbalance in hormone levels. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are rarely used in treating thyroid cancer, as this type of cancer is often slow-growing and typically responds well to surgery and other treatments. Treatment plans may vary depending on the type and stage of thyroid cancer, and may involve a combination of surgical, radiation, and hormone therapies.

The survival rate for thyroid cancer varies based on the type and stage of the cancer. Thyroid cancer has a relatively high survival rate and is considered one of the less fatal types of cancer. The 5-year survival rate for papillary and follicular thyroid cancer is near 100% for localised cases, and drops to 50-90% for cases that have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant organs. The 5-year survival rate for medullary thyroid cancer is 70-80% for localised cases and 20-50% for cases that have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant organs. Anaplastic thyroid cancer, the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer, has a very low survival rate, with less than 2% of people surviving more than 5 years after diagnosis.

Thyroid cancer can lead to several complications, including difficulty breathing or swallowing, changes in voice or speech, and hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland). The treatment for thyroid cancer can also have potential complications, such as damage to the parathyroid glands or recurrent laryngeal nerve, which can affect calcium levels and voice function, respectively. There are several risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing thyroid cancer, including exposure to radiation, a family history of thyroid cancer, certain genetic conditions, and being female. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer include a history of goitre or thyroid nodules, iodine deficiency, and exposure to certain chemicals or toxins. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not necessarily mean that someone will develop thyroid cancer, and many people with thyroid cancer have no known risk factors.

Thyroid cancer can affect pregnancy in several ways. If a woman is diagnosed with thyroid cancer during pregnancy, her treatment options may be limited to avoid harm to the developing foetus. In some cases, surgery to remove the thyroid gland may be postponed until after delivery. If surgery is necessary during pregnancy, it is typically performed during the second trimester when the risk to the foetus is lower. Radioactive iodine treatment, which is often used to treat thyroid cancer, is not recommended during pregnancy as it can harm the developing foetus. Women who have had thyroid cancer and have undergone treatment may require close monitoring during pregnancy to ensure their thyroid hormone levels are within normal ranges. In general, thyroid cancer does not necessarily preclude a woman from having a healthy pregnancy, but it does require careful management and coordination between the patient’s obstetrician and endocrinologist.

The length of recovery from thyroid cancer treatment can vary depending on the type of treatment received, the extent of the cancer, and individual factors such as age and overall health. Surgery to remove the thyroid gland, which is a common treatment for thyroid cancer, typically requires a hospital stay of one to two days, followed by a recovery period of a few weeks to several months. In the case of radioactive iodine treatment, recovery may take several weeks, as the patient needs to avoid close contact with others due to the risk of radiation exposure. External beam radiation therapy may cause fatigue and other side effects that can last for several weeks after treatment. Additionally, some patients may need to take hormone replacement therapy for the rest of their lives after surgery to remove the thyroid gland. Overall, recovery from thyroid cancer treatment is a gradual process, and patients should work closely with their healthcare team to ensure the best possible outcome.

There is no guaranteed way to prevent thyroid cancer, but there are some steps that can reduce the risk of developing it. These include maintaining a healthy diet that includes iodine-rich foods, avoiding exposure to radiation, especially during childhood, and performing regular self-examinations to detect any lumps or nodules in the thyroid gland. If a person has a family history of thyroid cancer, they may consider genetic counselling and testing. Additionally, managing other health conditions such as thyroid nodules and goitre may also reduce the risk of developing thyroid cancer. Regular screenings and check-ups with a healthcare professional can help in early detection and timely treatment of any potential thyroid cancer.

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