Screening systems for stomach cancer
Screening systems for stomach cancer help determine your treatment plan. The following six tests help gather the information needed to determine what stage the stomach cancer is in:
ß-hCG, CA-125, and CEA assays:
These tests help measure the dimensions of ß-hCG (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin), CA-125, and CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) in the blood. These substances are discharged into the circulation system abnormal and normal cells. At the point when found in higher than typical sums, they can be an indication of gastric tumour growths or different conditions.
Chest X-ray: An X-ray beam is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, creating images of areas inside the body. This one targets the organs and bones inside the chest.
Endoscopic ultrasound: A flimsy, lit tube called an endoscope is embedded into the body and makes high-energy sound waves — otherwise called ultrasound — that reflect off interior tissues or organs, and makes echoes. The echoes structure an image of body tissues called a sonogram. This procedure is additionally called endosonography.
CT scan or CAT scan: Imagine a computer connected to an X-ray machine taking sequence of detailed pictures of areas inside the body from different angles. Add dye that may be injected into a vein or swallowed to support the organs or tissues show up more clearly.
Laparoscopy: Small incisions are made in the wall of the abdomen and a laparoscope — a flimsy, lit tube — is inserted into one of the incisions to look at the organs inside the abdomen and check for signs of disease. Other instruments may be inserted through the same, or other, incisions to remove lymph nodes or take investigate tissues during biopsy.
PET scan: positron emission tomography scan or PET scan is a procedure that finds abnormal tumor cells in the body by injecting a small amount of dyed sugar into a vein. Then a PET scanner rotates on an axis around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Abnormal tumor cells can show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells.
Read more on the treatment of stomach cancer.